The new Spanish government changes the rules for renewables and allow among other things the autoproduction of energy. This are the main points the will change with the new law:

By 2030 Spain will probably be leading renewables in Europe

These are goals that the new Government wants to achieve:

  • Reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by at least 20% compared to 1990. (Current emissions are 17% above the 1990 level therefore the 2030 target is to reduce them by 37 per cent.)
  • Achieve a penetration of renewables in final energy consumption of 35%.
  • The electricity system must have at least 70% generation from renewable energy sources.
  • Improve energy efficiency by at least 35% compared to the baseline in accordance with Community legislation.

Spain as tourism destination needs clean beaches and air

With the new law the Government wants to achieve by 2050:

  • GHG emissions shall be reduced by at least 90 per cent below the 1990 level.
  • The electricity system will be based exclusively on renewable sources of generation (100% renewables).

There will be measures to ensure integration of renewable energy in the electricity network:

  1. Electricity transmission network plans, including for closed networks and islands.
  2. Legal obligations on network owners to implement plans.
  3. During the period 2020-2030, the Government will develop competitive calls for tender to promote the installation of a minimum of 3,000 MW of power per year from renewable electricity sources.
  4. There will be a Statute for energy intensive consumers.

An end to all aid for fossil fuels, oil and gas exploration and fracking

  • No new oil and gas exploration will be authorised.
  • No fracking activities will be allowed.
  • New subsidies to fossil fuels are prohibited.
  • Government funds will not be invested in any activities related to fossil fuels.
  • Existing investments will be reviewed and a timetable for divestment established.
  • The government will promote biomethane and other synthetic renewable fuels as well as the use of sustainable biofuels in air transport.

Mobility solutions

  • Aim for a zero emission vehicle fleet by 2050.
  • From 2040 onwards no new petrol or diesel cars can be sold.
  • By 2023 all municipalities of over 50,000 must have low emission zones.
  • Obligation for electric vehicle charging points wherever conventional fuels sold.

Better Housing and Construction

  1. Aim for retrofitted zero emission housing stock by 2050.
  2. Retrofitting of at least 100,000 homes per year from 2021-2030.
  3. New long term strategy for energy renovation in buildings as part of NECP.
  4. Financial aid for most vulnerable.

What do experts think about it?

Christiana Figueres – former Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and current Convener of Mission 2020

The draft Spanish climate law is an excellent example of the implementation of the Paris Agreement: it sets a long-term goal, provides incentives on scaling up zero emission technologies and cares about a good transition for the workforce. As an early mover Spain will gain economically and create new jobs in the renewables sector. This comes at an important moment ahead of COP24 where countries are invited to showcase how they meet the goals of the Agreement and are willing to step up efforts in the context of the Talanoa Dialogue.

James Watson – CEO of SolarPower Europe

It is exciting to see Spain setting the pace in its commitment to a 100% renewable powered future. Spain’s energy ambition is a wake up call to all the other states across the world, as it demonstrates what we know – it is possible to power large economies by renewables in the very near future. Solar will play a major role in delivering this target and the Spanish government is offering solar companies the opportunity to grow their market leadership, while also providing economic solutions for declining coal regions – through new employment in the clean energy sector. This will ensure that the transition is socially considerate and that no communities get left behind. We fully commend the Spanish government on its clean energy leadership.