by Andrea Sagay
The first dimension is power distance. Power distance is a dimension that addresses a society’s willingness to accept that there are inequalities between individuals. This is probably the most similar the two countries are, looking at all the dimensions. Despite that, they are still pretty different. The next dimension is Individualism. On this dimension Spain has a score of 51. This dimension shows how much members rely or depend on each other.
Basically, do the people in that society identify as a “we” or an “I”. Spain is a lot less individualistic than the United States, which has a score of 91. The third dimension is Masculinity. This dimension focuses on whether masculine or feminine values. A society with masculine values focuses more on competition, achievement and success.
Spain is more female than the US
A society with feminine values places their focus on caring for others and quality of life. On this scale The United States has a score of 62. This makes it a masculine society. It has a culture that emphasizes the importance of money, achievement and living in order to work. In the United States traditional gender roles are still present. Men are expected to be the strong, and the main source of income for his family. The women are more expected to focus on looking after the family taking care of the home, I have the impression.
Spain has a score of 42, meaning it is a more feminine society. They don’t place as much emphasis on competitiveness. The final dimension is indulgence. This dimension focuses on how much a society is willing to allow gratification of natural human desires that relate to having a good time and enjoying life.
With a score of 68, The United States is an indulgent country. This means Americans typically give in to their impulses and freedom and personal control are emphasized. Spain has a low score of 44. It is a more restrained society and they don’t place much emphasis on leisure and self-gratification. Spanish and American culture have very little in common, which is something I’ve definitely noticed in my time here.
One thing that really surprised me was how individualistic Spain is.
Spain is getting more individualistic
When comparing it to the US it is a lot lower, but I was expecting it to have significantly lower score. I am from Nigeria, which has a very low score on individualism and in the week, I’ve been here I thought the two cultures seemed really similar, but Spain is almost twice as individualistic as Nigeria. It is pretty clear how much individualistic the United States is though. I’m not surprised about how individualistic or how indulgent American culture is. The term freedom is thrown around so liberally in the US, the indulgent nature is engrained in country. What didn’t surprise me is how different the two cultures are. In my daily life the differences are very clear to me.